At its Website, the "Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung" (German Federal Agency for Civic Education) published an interesting chart about who earns how much from a sold CD in Germany.
Obviously the artist receives only 4 % of the 16 Euro, namely about 64 Cent. Because the value-added tax now is 19%, not 14 as in the chart, the artists’ part will be even smaller now.
The biggest parts of the cost of a CD stay at the label (31%), distribution (19%) and commerce (22%), together more than two-thirds.
A compared Single-Download does not show better results: The Artist’s share is also merely 4%, and the label’s share makes the biggest part. with 32%.
Funny: the cost of the real production for the CD in a factory are less than 1 percent.